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Главная » 2010 » Июнь » 17 » Samara
13:36
Samara
     Samara is the city, which is situated on the Great Russian River Volga. It was founded in 1586 by merchants as a fortress. Samara is situated on the left bank of the Volga and occupies both sides of the mouth of the Samara River. The early history of Samara dates back to Bulgarian people who appeared in the 5th century. Our native city wit­nessed great fires of 1848. 1850 when it was almost ruined.
     At present more than 1,2 mln. people live here. I am proud of my hometown, its places of interest and its traditions.
     Any resident of Samara will tell you that the city's main street is the Volga. This is true in winter when the river is frozen and in summer when hundreds of ships come to the city like snow-white swans over the sparkling waves.
     Large cities, as a rule, are divided into the old" and "new" parts. Samara's old downtown section is like a book of the history of architec­ture. A cocktail of styles prevails in the old city, as everybody in mer­chant Samara didn't want to make his own bank or mansion look like any other building. That led to the variety of styles.
     Our country has quite a few industrial giants. Samara stands out among them for its overall standards of engineering industry. Samara has seen a lot during these years, both loud fame and quite spills. Now it is a great industrial giant with a great number of plants, factories and a developed transport system, including metro lines. There is a great range of industrial production: food and textile, watches and air-planes, tractors and clothes. The goods are exported to different places of our country and abroad.
     Samara is one of the most important railway intersections. Rail­roads of different direction cross here. A new modern and technically equipped railway station appeared in Samara. It is said to be one of the biggest and imposing in Europe. Samara is on route to Asia. The city has a regular communication with all the ports of the Volga basin with an exit to five seas.
     Samara is a great cultural center with universities, academies, a great amount of schools, colleges, professional schools, lyceums and so on.
     There are a lot of museums in Samara: the museum of Local Lore, the Art museum, the A. Tolstoy museum. Many outstanding people vis­ited and lived in Samara. Among them: L. Tolstoy, P. Tchaikovsky, A. Gorky etc. Stalin's bunker is the museum which is most frequently vis­ited by the guests of our city. This unique museum which is a 12 storied building under the level contains documents and photos about the Great Patriotic War when Samara served as the "second capital" of the country.
     P. Alabin lived and worked in Samara He did a lot to make Samara a prosperous city. He started a railway through Samara, built a stone theatre, set up a plumbing, opened History museum, created the city Public Library. There is a museum named after him in Samara.
     Samara enjoys the reputation of being a theatre city. There are a lot of theatres in Samara. They are: the Drama Theatre, the Opera and Bal­let Theatre, the Puppet-Theatre and the theatre of Young Spectator.
     When a new play is on, it is almost impossible to get tickets. There are also a number of Amateur theatres in Samara which make the theatrical life of the city richer.
All our citizens are proud of the embankment of the Volga with trees, flowers and sandy beaches. We like to have a rest on the bank of the Volga. It's a real pleasure to take a river voyage and to admire the beautiful surroundings of the Zhiguly Mountains. You may breathe the fresh river air and travel to many parts of our country.
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